It is important to understand more about the usual kinds of wildlife diseases if you live nearby mountainous areas, frequently participate in outside activities, own pets, or work with animals. Infectious diseases carried by wild animals can be dispersed to both pets and humans. These are known as zoonotic diseases, and you will find more than 150 proven to exist. Keep reading to learn about 3 specific zoonotic diseases which are frequently carried and spread from shared North American wildlife.
It’s caused by a viral agent known as Rhabdovirus, and it’s transmitted through animal bites, which allows the contaminated saliva to put in the victim’s blood flow. Symptoms vary and slowly becoming worse as the disease progresses, but frequent symptoms often include fever, malaise, confusion, disorientation, muscle fatigue, convulsions, excessive drooling, panting, and eventually, death.
For animals, rabies is nearly always fatal; after the disease has grown, there is absolutely no treatment or cure for dogs or cats. On the other hand, humans rarely die from rabies since there are treatments out there for people who are bitten by a rabid animal. Common carriers include raccoons, coyotes, foxes, bats, and skunks.
Although not as renowned as Rabies, Leptospirosis is yet another significant zoonotic disease carried and transmitted by wild animals. But unlike Rabies, Leptospirosis is not transmitted by infected saliva; instead, it is transmitted through contaminated urine of an infected animal. Transmission occurs when infected urine, dirt, or water comes into contact with abraded or damaged skin, or if ingested. From time to time, a dog might drink from an infected puddle on the floor.
Most human cases of Leptospirosis are light, and some people do not reveal signs of the infection at all. However, if left untreated, Leptospirosis can cause meningitis, which is a condition that causes the tissue membranes around the brain to swell. And this is sometimes fatal. Treatment for pets and humans normally includes antibiotics, salt and glucose alternative infusions, and in severe cases, dialysis.
Raccoon roundworm goes by many names, and it is not exclusively carried and spread from raccoons. Scientifically, it’s called Baylisascaris Procyonis. These are essentially worms that permeate the skin and localize in an area near the surface, causing inflammation, redness, itchiness, and pain. Transmission happens when the eggs of this parasite are ingested. They go into the intestinal track and migrate through the organs, towards the epidermis.
Ingestion of contaminated animal droppings are a common cause of transmission, as well as, ingesting food or water that is contaminated with the roundworm parasite. Severity of the disease depends on how many and which organs that the parasites migrated to. Should they migrate to your eyes, brain, or spinal cord, then the damage may be irreversible.
Maintaining good hygiene, vaccinations, and pet vaccinations are powerful methods for protecting yourself, your family members, along with your pets from an infectious wildlife disease. Also, Austin Animal Removal can be very beneficial because they can protect your home from potential